Calicut was known as one of the most important trade center in India. Nediyirippu, or as the Europeans called him Zamorin, was the king of Calicut. He had a friendly approach to the traders, making more traders wanting to come back. Religious tolerance and good administration helped keep it this way, too. Calicut was a chief place for Arabs and the Chinese to meet. It was there that items from the west could go into the east and vice versa. It wasn't until much later that the French, English, and Dutch came into Calicut for trade opportunities. During medieval times, it was the key ingredient in pepper trade. However, the also traded coral, pearls, and precious jewels. The currency was fanam coins and silver coins. Fanam coins were made with 60% gold.

In 1498, a navigator from Portugal by the name of Vasco Da Gama. Because of him, India found a place in history. He found a sea route to India, helping trade connections from Europe to India. This gave Portugal international control of marine trade. Calicut was also primary in encouraging trade relations with Kerala. Later on, Portuguese sailors built forts and cities along the Baypore River. This caused hostility between Calicut and Portugal, resulting in countless battles. As Zamorin's strength decreased, Portugal gained control over sea trade in Calicut. This was due to a treaty signed in 1540, but it didn't last long. By 1721, the Dutch had came in to help get rid of Portuguese. Yet by this time, they withdrew from their native battles in Kerala.