Statue of Pharoah Ramesses II.
Statue of Pharoah Ramesses II.

Pharaoh: this was considered the highest class in ancient Egypt. The Pharaoh was considered half man and half god. The Pharaoh had the same responsibilities as a king in Mesopotamia. These responsibilities included setting and creating the law codes, enforce them and also create punishments for violations. The Pharaoh also serves as a justice system as well. The Pharaoh had complete authority over his kingdom. He had divine rule as he was considered to be a god. However this role is not only limited to men. Women have obtained this role as well such as the great Pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut (1473-1458 B.C.E.)

Scribes: A scribe consisted of learning and writing hieroglyphics. The ability to read and write was very valuable. A scribe would write scriptures and other items of great importance to the Egyptian civilization. A scribe was given much respect and held a higher status.

Priest/Priestesses: Priest/Priestesses served an important role in the kingdom. They devoted themselves to the gods and lived by their ethics. They performed temple functions and daily rituals; however, they never reached divine status. They were simply known as the “servant of the god.”
The middle class mainly consisted of artisans or lower status priests.

Peasants: Peasants were considered to be one of the lowest class. They mainly provided labor throughout the kingdom constructing large monuments and buildings.

Slaves: Slaves provided the hard labor. They were mostly prisoners of war. They mostly constructed large scale projects such as building, temples, etc.

In the Nile River Valley Pharoahs were the rulers or the kings. Their power was greatest from 3100 B.C.E until 2660 B.C.E. The pharoahs are known for having created extrordinary pyrimids and tombs. Of course they did not do much or any of the work. They would have the people of lower class' do this job for them such as slaves or peasants.

This artifact is significant to the Egyptian class system as it shows the large monumental structure of a Pharaoh. These statues are very common throughout Egypt as their Pharaohs were considered to be gods. The large size of the statue reflects the importance of the Pharaoh in the society. The pharaoh was considered to be god and therefore he was treated like a god. The Pharaoh would rule the land by his law. These statues were built to honor the Pharaoh for many years to come. From this picture alone one could see the large size, therefore, implies the honor, respect, and power the Pharaoh had. The picture can also symbolize the great ruler the Pharaoh was.

This artifact greatly interprets the Egyptian class system. The picture shows the Pharaoh on his thrown being worshiped by the people of Egypt. This clearly represents the image the Pharaoh had in the Egyptian culture.This is because the Pharaoh was considered a god. This is represented in the picture by his stance and his clothing. The Pharaoh was also greatly worshiped by the people because going against the Pharaoh was going against the gods. So one can say this put fear into the people. The people in the picture stand for the worshipers the Pharaoh had. Overall the Pharoah was seen as a divine ruler of the kingdom, and I feel the picture best represents his divine rule.